As I mentioned in my last post, I am taking a few of my colleagues at lunchtime to see the Terracotta Warriors as it is the last week of the exhibition at the Asian Art Museum. After the visit today, one of them told me that her favorites are the waterbirds. If you have read Part II or the second post about this exhibition, you may notice I also said that I found the waterbirds most interesting. To satisfy my curiosity, I searched and looked around, and found some interesting remarks from scholars and curators. The following information is extracted from the Asian Art Museum Docent Website
In 2001 a pit containing fifteen terracotta musicians and forty-six life-size bronze waterbirds was found about three kilometers northeast of the First Emperor’s tomb. The birds, which retain some of their original pinkish paint, were discovered on the banks of an artificial waterway. Some archaeologists believe the pit represents a royal park or sacred water garden. Water was the Qin dynasty‘s chosen symbol because it extinguishes fire, the element associated with the preceding Eastern Zhou dynasty (770–256 BCE).
I also searched for information at iTunes U. Press 5 and 6, and you will hear an audio recording about the waterbirds.
Scholars or curators are all amazed at these waterbirds, not only of their life-size scale, but also of the different charming poses. None of them is identical. Some have leisurely poses as if they are gliding gracefully on the pond, while some are stretching their long neck looking for food. There are 6 cranes flanked by 20 swans and 20 geese with 15 warriors surrounding them.
Apart from the sacred water garden theory, there is another interpretation: the whole set of waterbirds signifies heaven and earth, which is part of the design of the underground palace. What is buried on the ground is not really underground, but represents a replica of the celestial world. What about the 15 warriors surrounding the birds? Some scholars think that they may be musicians, and some think they are archers. It looks like that the music theory does not quite hold because no musical instrument was found. The archers’ theory is more receptive by many scholars, because bow and arrows were found nearby. Also, in the ancient days, capturing birds may represent the arrival of spring, which means the rejuvenation of life.
No matter which theory holds, I think these waterbirds have characters and are attractive to many viewers. Do you want to see them again? Only a few more days are left!
Apart from the waterbirds, I am actually very interested in studying the warriors. None is identical. Please stay tuned for the next few posts!